Overcoming treatment resistance
Thanks to your support we were able to fund a team based at Queens University Belfast to work out what happens to cancer cells when they are treated with either radiotherapy, chemotherapy or androgen deprivation therapy.
We know that treatments for prostate can be very effective, but for a number of men their prostate cancer can become resistant to treatment and start to grow again. With your support we funded a team of researchers to investigate how cancer cells become resistant to therapy. The ultimate goal of this type of research is to develop new treatments that overcome this resistance keeping cancer under control for longer and extending lives of men with prostate cancer.
The team, led by Professor David Waugh, discovered that when cancer cells die, they send a signal to surrounding cells urging the surviving cells to grow and divide to replace the dying cells. By investigating how dying cells signal to their neighbouring cells the team were able to test a kind of molecular headphone so neighbouring cells become deaf to the growth signals released by the dying cells. This stops them replacing dying cancer cells. Thanks to your continued support the team of researchers are now testing their new therapy in a clinical trial.
From research idea to access for all
Despite responding well to treatment we know that too many men will become resistant and their prostate cancer will start to grow again. By understanding what happens to cells when they are exposed to cancer treatment researchers hope to develop new ways of maintaining cancer control.
The team treated prostate cancer cells grown in a lab with different prostate cancer treatments and studied in detail what the cells did in response to those treatments. They discovered the cells killed by the treatment released a signal that encouraged the remaining cells to grow and went on to understand how to block that growth signal.
The team collaborated with the world leading team of clinical trialists based at the Institute of Cancer Research to test the new treatment. First the team needed to show the new treatment didn’t give men side effects that decreased their quality of life.
Approved for use
The first clinical trial showed that men who had the new treatment in combination with the drug enzalutamide has no serious side effects. The team are now running a second, larger trial to determine which dose is gives the best response with the least side effects and to gather evidence that this new treatment really is keeping cancer under control for longer
Access for all
Excitingly this trial is close to completing and we are looking forward to seeing the results. If the clinical trial shows that the new treatment works the next steps would be to test the treatment in a much larger clinical trial involving hundreds of men across the UK.
We've continued to fund ambitious and transformational research. Read on to find out about new and exciting projects including how bubbles are being used to deliver drugs to cancer cells.