There are different treatments for prostate cancer. We’ve listed them all here. You may have a choice of treatments and this will depend on the stage of your cancer. Read more about choosing a treatment.

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Active surveillance

Active surveillance is a way of monitoring slow-growing localised prostate cancer, rather than treating it straight away. The aim is to avoid or delay unnecessary treatment and its side effects.

Watchful waiting

Watchful waiting is a way of monitoring prostate cancer that isn't causing any symptoms or problems.

Surgery: radical prostatectomy

Information about having surgery to remove the prostate. Surgery may be a treatment option for men with localised prostate cancer.

External beam radiotherapy

External beam radiotherapy uses high energy X-ray beams to treat prostate cancer. This page is for men who are thinking of having this treatment to treat their prostate cancer.

Permanent seed brachytherapy

Permanent seed brachytherapy involves implanting tiny radioactive seeds into your prostate gland. This is also called low dose rate brachytherapy. Radiation from the seeds destroys cancer cells in the prostate. You may have this treatment on its own or together with external beam radiotherapy or hormone therapy.

Hormone therapy

This page explains how hormone therapy treats prostate cancer, who can have hormone therapy, and the possible side effects.

High dose-rate (HDR) brachytherapy

High dose-rate brachytherapy is also known as HDR brachytherapy, or temporary brachytherapy. It is a type of internal radiotherapy used to treat prostate cancer.

High-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU)

Read about using high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) to treat prostate cancer, how it works and what the side effects are.


Cryotherapy is a treatment that uses extreme cold to freeze and destroy cancer cells. You might also hear it called cryosurgery or cryoablation.

Follow-up after treatment

Information about the care and support you can expect after your treatment and what to expect at follow-up appointments.


This page describes how chemotherapy can be used to treat prostate cancer, and the possible side effects.

If your prostate cancer comes back

Recurrent prostate cancer is cancer that has come back after having treatments such as surgery (radical prostatectomy), external beam radiotherapy, permanent seed brachytherapy or temporary brachytherapy.

Treatment options after your first hormone therapy

Information about treatment options for men with prostate cancer that is no longer responding so well to their first hormone therapy.


If you have advanced prostate cancer, you may be interested in our information on abiraterone (Zytiga®), a new type of hormone therapy.


A treatment for prostate cancer that has stopped responding to standard hormone therapy, but hasn't yet spread to other parts of the body.


Learn about enzalutamide, a new type of hormone therapy for men with advanced prostate cancer.

Radiotherapy for advanced prostate cancer

This page describes how radiotherapy can be used in men with advanced prostate cancer.

Bisphosphonates for advanced prostate cancer

Bisphosphonates are drugs that can be used to treat bone problems or prevent further bone damage in men with advanced prostate cancer. They do not treat the cancer itself, but can help to slow the breakdown of bone and may help to relieve bone pain.

Clinical trials

Find out about why clinical trials are important, what happens and whether you can take part.

Prostate cancer treatments for trans women

The treatments used to treat prostate cancer in trans women