Going on holiday can be a great way to relax and get away from things. Having prostate cancer shouldn’t stop you from travelling but you may need to plan and make special arrangements to help you enjoy your trip. On this page, we give tips on preparing for your trip, arranging travel insurance and how to look after yourself while you’re away. Your partner or family might also find this helpful.
If you have any further questions, speak to our Specialist Nurses.
Is it safe to travel?
Speak to your doctor or nurse
Ask your doctor or nurse about how travel plans might affect your medical treatment. They may be able to suggest when is good for you to travel, and help you think about where to go and how long to go away for. Your doctor may advise you not to travel, or to delay your trip if it isn’t safe for you. If you’re unsure how your diagnosis or treatment could affect your travel plans, speak to our Specialist Nurses, in confidence, on 0800 074 8383.
Think about how you’re feeling
Your cancer or treatment may make you feel tired or unwell. If possible, wait a few months after treatment before planning a trip. You may need to urinate more often after treatment and some treatments, such as chemotherapy, can make you more sensitive to the sun or increase your risk of infection. This may affect where you go, how long for, what you do while you’re away and what you need to take with you.
See our Travel timeline for a breakdown of things you may want to do if you’re planning to go away.
If you’re taking medicines with you, you might find these tips helpful.
- Make sure you have enough medicine for your whole trip – and extra in case of delays or emergencies. If possible, carry all your medication in your hand luggage and pack a spare supply in your hold luggage.
- Ask your doctor for a letter saying what your medicines are for at least four weeks before you travel. Make sure it includes the scientific or generic names (not just the brand names), doses of each medicine, and the health condition that you need the medicine for. You may have to pay for this letter.
- Check the expiry date of your medicines to make sure they’re safe to take while you are away.
- If your medication is usually stored in a fridge, contact your pharmacist before you go away. They will be able to advise how best to transport your medication and how to store it when you're away.
- If you need to get a prescribed medicine while you are away, speak to a pharmacist in the country you are visiting. You may need to visit a local doctor and you may need to pay something towards the cost of your prescription. If you have a UK Global Health Insurance Card (GHIC), you should pay the same as the citizen of the country you are visiting. UK prescriptions can be used in Ireland and Spain. But you cannot use a UK prescription elsewhere in the EU.
- Keep your medicines in their labelled containers and original packaging. If you have prescription medication organised in a pill box, make sure it has a label confirming what is inside. Ask your GP or pharmacist for one if it doesn’t.
Top travel tip - If you need to get some more medicines while you’re away, buy them from a licensed pharmacy. Some places sell medicines that are fake or have different ingredients – these may not work and could even be harmful. Ask the pharmacist about the ingredients and check they match the ones you need.
Travelling with your medicine
- Contact your airline to check if you need to make arrangements before you travel. If you need a letter or licence to travel with your medicine, keep it in your hand luggage with the medicine in its original packaging.
- You may be allowed to use a cooler bag with an icepack or cooling gel pack if you have a letter from your doctor or nurse explaining that your medicines need to be kept cool and have discussed it with your pharmacist. Check with your airline before you fly.
- If you pack spare medicines in your suitcase, check if hot or cold temperatures can damage them. Contact your airline in advance to find out if they can store your suitcase at the right temperature and tell check-in staff at the airport too.
For some medicines, you can only take a certain amount out of the UK and the limit is usually about a three-month supply. These are called controlled drugs and include some strong pain relieving drugs. Ask your doctor or pharmacist if your medicine contains a controlled drug. If you need to take more, apply for a Home Office export licence at least three weeks before you travel.
You may need to have vaccinations before you travel, depending on where you’re going. Visit the Travel Health Pro website to check or ask a practice nurse at your GP surgery at least eight weeks before you go.
Before you book your trip, talk to your doctor about whether it’s safe for you to have any new vaccinations. If you need to take anti-malarial medicine, ask your doctor whether this will affect any other medicines you’re taking.
You shouldn’t have any live vaccines if you’re having chemotherapy or have had chemotherapy within the last six months. This is because your immune system might not be strong enough. Vaccines against shingles and yellow fever are both examples of live vaccines.These vaccines are different to ones like COVID-19, pneumonia and flu vaccines. These are non-live vaccines, so they are safe for people with weakened immune systems.
Your doctor may be able to refer you to a doctor or nurse from the Hospital for Tropical Diseases (HTD). They can provide appointments for people who need specialist medical advice about travel with complex medical conditions, such as cancer. But you would need to pay for any vaccines, medication or travel-related equipment they provide. You can ask your doctor for more information on how to access this services through the NHS.
- Having cancer, as well as having treatments like chemotherapy, surgery and hormone therapy, can increase your risk of getting a blood clot. You may be advised not to fly for a period of time, so check with your doctor before booking any long flights.
- Carry information about your condition, medicines and treatments in case you need to see a doctor while you’re away.
- Plan ahead to help you manage any urinary or bowel problems. For example, book an aisle seat close to the toilets and find out where the nearest public toilets are in advance.
- If you’re travelling to a non-English speaking country, consider having your medical documents translated. Ask your doctor or nurse for more information about this.
- Make sure you find out the phone number for the emergency services or ambulance as this can be different in every country.
- If you’re travelling to a different time zone, ask your doctor to help you plan a medicine routine that fits in with the new local time.
- If you need a wheelchair, access to a toilet or a special meal for your journey, make sure you arrange this with your airline, cruise line or train company before you travel.
- Make sure you drink plenty of water on your holiday, including on the plane, to avoid becoming dehydrated, particularly if you’re visiting a hot country.
- If you have urinary or bowel problems and use pads, pack enough for your trip and a few extra in case of delays.
- Pack extra pads and medicine in your hold luggage in case your hand luggage gets lost.
- If you’ve had permanent seed brachytherapy (where tiny radioactive seeds are put into your prostate), you could set off metal or radiation sensors, such as at the airport, train station or cruise port. If you don’t already have one, ask your doctor for an advice card to take with you that says you’ve had treatment with internal radiation. Read our fact sheet, Permanent seed brachytherapy, for more information about this treatment.
- Use our Urgent toilet card to help you get to a toilet quickly if you have urinary or bowel problems. If you’re visiting a non-English speaking country, you can buy an international travel version from The IBS Network.
Traveling with a catheter
- If you use a catheter, take a spare catheter and plenty of extra drainage bags, catheter valves and antiseptic wipes with you. Speak to your nurse about caring for your catheter while you’re away.
- You should contact the airline about what is needed to be able to take your catheter equipment and other medical supplies on the plane. They may advise that you need to ask your nurse or doctor for a letter that explains what your catheter equipment is for. You may need to pay for this letter. It may make things easier if customs officials decide to search your bag. Some catheter delivery services may deliver abroad if necessary.
- If you have a letter from your doctor or nurse, you may be allowed extra baggage for your catheter equipment and other medical supplies. Rules are different for each airline so always check before you travel.
Information about travelling and COVID-19 can change quickly but these tips will help you find the most up-to-date information for your trip:
- Contact the embassy or high commission of the country you are visiting to find out if there are any COVID-19 restrictions. They will be able to say what you need to have to be able to enter the county, such as a COVID-19 vaccine.
- Contact your chosen airline to find out if there are any COVID-19 requirements at the airport or aboard the plane. For example, wearing masks, COVID-19 testing and COVID-19 vaccines. This would be available on their website or by calling their customer helpline.
UK Global Health Insurance Card (GHIC)
If you’re travelling to a country in the European Union (EU) or Switzerland, make sure you have a UK Global Health Insurance Card (GHIC). The GHIC replaces the European Health Insurance Card (EHIC). If you have an existing EHIC, you can still use it until the date runs out. You will then need to apply for a GHIC instead.
- It replaces the old E111 form and the EHIC.
- The GHIC is free, so beware of scam websites that ask you to pay for it.
- Each person travelling, including children, should have their own GHIC.
- It covers the cost of state healthcare only. Some parts of Europe don’t have state healthcare, so you may not be covered in those areas.
- It allows you to have medical treatment in most European countries for free, or at a lower cost.
- Your GHIC can't be used in Norway, Iceland or Liechtenstein. But you can use your passport to get emergency treatment in Norway. You will need travel insurance with healthcare cover to cover payment for healthcare in these countries.
- It covers the cost of necessary medical treatment because of either an illness or an accident during your trip. It allows you to receive treatment for your cancer and other conditions you already have, as long as you didn’t go abroad specifically for that treatment.
- Each country’s healthcare system is different so your GHIC might not cover everything that would be free on the NHS. But you should get the same treatment as a resident of the country you’re visiting.
- Some countries may ask you to pay for the cost upfront but you can claim the money back later. You will only be refunded for anything covered by your GHIC.
- In some countries, patients are asked to pay a patient contribution called a co-payment. Your GHIC does not cover this but your insurance policy may.
- It won’t cover the cost of bringing you or your travelling companions back to the UK.
- To apply or find out more about the GHIC, visit the NHS website or call 0300 330 1350.
If you’re travelling abroad, it’s important to buy travel insurance before your trip. The GHIC does not replace travel insurance. Travel insurance covers the cost of things that go wrong while you’re away, such as losing your suitcase or cancelling your holiday. If you’re travelling in Europe, it can also cover the cost of any medical treatment that isn’t covered by the GHIC. So it’s important to get travel insurance even if you’re staying in Europe. Some insurance companies will only cover you if you have an GHIC.
The following questions and answers may help you find the right insurance.
Will having prostate cancer make it harder to get travel insurance?
Yes, it might do. This is because insurers think you’re more likely to need medical treatment while you’re away or cancel your trip at the last minute. And some companies might not insure you if you’ve been diagnosed with cancer. However lots of companies will cover you, some companies even provide specific travel insurance for people with cancer. Most men can find insurance after shopping around. You may be asked to provide a letter from your doctor saying you’re fit to travel. Your doctor may charge you for this.
Some companies may offer insurance that doesn’t cover your cancer, which means you’ll have to cover the cost of anything related to your cancer. This kind of cover could cost you a lot of money if your cancer causes you any problems while you’re away. For example, if your cancer has spread to your bones and you fall over and break a bone, this could be because your cancer has made your bones weaker. So your insurer may refuse to cover you for this.
Top travel tip - Shop around to get the best deal before buying. You don’t have to accept the insurance offered by the company who provide the holiday.
Where can I get travel insurance?
You can get travel insurance from the following places.
- General travel insurance providers
General travel insurance providers are often the cheapest but sometimes only insure you for certain things or if you meet certain criteria. For example, your insurance may not cover medical treatment or emergencies related to your cancer. Or they might have time limits on how soon they will insure you after treatment. Check the policy details to make sure you’re completely covered for your trip.
- Specialist travel insurance providers
Some specialist providers offer travel insurance for people with medical problems, including cancer. Their prices vary a lot and some policies can be very expensive. Check if the policy includes treatment related to your cancer before you buy it.
- Insurance brokers
Insurance brokers can give advice and arrange insurance for you. Brokers shop around for the best deal. They can make getting insurance easier and sometimes offer you a better price than individual companies. But they do charge a fee. You can find lists of qualified insurance brokers on the British Insurance Brokers’ Association website.
Top travel tip - Check if you already have travel insurance under a different policy. Some banks include cover with your bank account. It may not cover you for everything or there may be an age restriction, so check the policy details to find out if you need extra cover.
Can I arrange my travel insurance online?
Yes. You can look for insurance companies or brokers and buy travel insurance online. Some insurers are only available online, so looking online might offer you a greater selection to choose from. This can help you shop around for the best deal. You will usually need to complete an online medical screening or, in some cases, speak to someone on the phone before your insurance is approved. This is because they’ll want to be clear about your medical history and current health.
You can also arrange travel insurance by visiting a travel insurance provider in person, for example your bank, or by telephone.
What policy is right for me?
There are many different policies so it’s important to pick the right one for you. Lots of things might affect the cover you need, including:
- where you’re going
- how long you’re staying
- what you’ll be doing
- how often you travel.
For example, a single trip policy is best if you’re only planning one trip that year. If you’re travelling outside of Europe, you’ll need worldwide cover which can be more expensive than European cover. This is because medical treatment usually costs more in non-EU countries.
Different insurers have different rules about what countries are covered under European cover, so always check if your destination is included. Some policies don’t include cover for cruises or certain activities, so you may need to buy extra cover for those.
What questions will the insurance company ask me?
They will ask about your age, marital status and occupation. They may also ask for information about your trip, medical history and prostate cancer, such as:
- when you were diagnosed
- the stage and grade of your cancer
- what treatment you’re having or have had
- any follow-up care you’re receiving
- any side effects you’re having
- any recent planned or unplanned hospital stays
- other medical conditions, such as high blood pressure or cholesterol
- any other medical treatments you’re having.
Some insurers use medical advisors to work out the cost of your insurance. They may want a doctor’s letter or ask you to fill in a questionnaire about your health. You can ask your doctor for a letter but there may be a charge.
Top travel tip - Be honest and open about your medical history or you may not be fully covered. Tell the insurance company about any changes (even minor ones) to your health between the time you accepted the policy and going on your trip. This includes annual insurance policies. If you don’t tell your insurer, your policy may not be valid.
Will my travel insurance be expensive?
The price of insurance varies a lot. The amount you pay (the premium) and the amount you pay when you make a claim (the excess) are likely to be higher if you’ve been diagnosed with prostate cancer. Your stage of cancer and treatment will affect how much it costs and it could be expensive if you have advanced or recurrent cancer. The type of holiday might also affect the price. For example, cover for cruise holidays is more expensive because it can be harder to get medical treatment. In general, prices go down the longer your cancer has been under control. So if you have recently been diagnosed, have just had or are currently having treatment, you may pay more. Policies that don’t cover treatment related to your cancer may be cheaper. Some men consider doing this if they feel their cancer is unlikely to cause any problems while they’re away. But this is a risk and could cost a lot of money if you do need treatment for any problems related to your cancer.
Top travel tip - Some companies will ask that all members of your party are covered under the same policy. This can be a good idea because it means all your companions are covered if they need to come home early with you.
What should I ask the insurance company?
Make sure you fully understand your policy and what it covers. Ask your insurance company if you’re unsure about anything. Think about asking these questions.
- What does the policy include and exclude?
- Does it cover treatment related to my cancer?
- Does it cover me if I have to come home early because of my cancer?
- How much is the excess?
- Do other people travelling with me need to be covered under the same policy?
- Does my doctor need to provide a letter?
What if I can’t find suitable travel insurance?
If you’re struggling to find insurance, give yourself more time to shop around and find quotes. Most men are able to find suitable cover, but you may need to try several different companies. Look for insurers who specialise in providing cover for people with cancer. They know every case is different and will look at you as an individual. It can be difficult to answer the same questions lots of times so you may want a friend or relative there to help. If you still can’t find insurance, you could try changing your travel plans. For example, you may find cheaper cover for a different country where medical treatment may cost less.
- Look up the cost of insurance before booking your trip and check if your quotes include cover for your cancer. Some destinations are more expensive than others.
- Arrange your insurance as soon as possible after you book your holiday, so that you’re covered if you need to cancel your trip.
- Get quotes from both general and specialist companies.
- Use online comparison websites to compare quotes from different insurers. The cheapest may not cover all your needs, so always check the details of the policy.
- Check the small print. Make sure you know exactly what you are and aren’t covered for.
- If you attend a local cancer support group, ask around to see if anyone can recommend an insurance company.
- Have all the information and dates you might need to hand to help you answer questions from insurance providers.
Looking after yourself
While you're on holiday, you should:
- take extra care of your health
- give yourself some time to rest when you need it
- avoid lots of activity or heavy lifting if you’re not used to it
- keep safe in the sun and avoid extreme temperatures
- treat cuts, scratches and bites with antiseptic cream straight away
- wear insect repellent if you’re somewhere where insects are a problem
- always carry someone’s contact details in case of emergency.
Help avoid blood clots during your flights by:
- exercising your legs
- wearing loose-fitting clothes that feel comfortable
- avoiding sitting with your legs crossed
- drinking plenty of water or non-alcoholic drinks
- reserving an aisle seat or paying extra for a seat with more leg room if you can afford it
- getting up and walking around every hour, if it is safe to do so
- wearing compression socks (ask your doctor if you’ll need these).
If you've recently had a type of chemotherapy called docetaxel or had radiotherapy, you may be more sensitive to the sun, so:
- avoid direct sunlight between 11am and 3pm
- use strong sunscreen on all bare skin (SPF30 or above)
- wear loose cotton clothing, a hat and sunglasses.
Certain treatments, such as chemotherapy, can weaken your immune system. This can make it easier for you to get infections. Some countries may not have the same water cleaning processes as in the UK. Drinking water from these countries can increase your risk of developing infections or having an upset stomach. You can take steps to avoid this by:
- drinking clean or sealed bottled water only – boil it first if you’re unsure and avoid ice in drinks
- eating properly cooked food – avoid salads, raw vegetables and street food
- peeling fruits before you eat them.
Top travel tip - If you have a weak immune system, ask your doctor or nurse to give you antibiotics for your trip, in case you pick up an infection.
For more ideas and practical tips to help manage symptoms and side effects of prostate cancer and its treatment, visit our interactive online guides.
What should I do if I become unwell on holiday?
If you become unwell while away, it is important to contact a doctor.
- If you need urgent medical help, contact the emergency services or go to the emergency department of the nearest hospital.
- If it is not urgent and you are staying in a hotel or somewhere with a reception, you could ask the receptionist to help call you a doctor.
Make sure you have your emergency contacts to hand, for example, in the back of your passport. This is so the British embassy or consulate in the country you are visiting can help to contact them if they need to.
Your insurance company should provide you with an international number to contact if you become unwell on holiday. You can contact this number so your insurance can help you organise the medical help which is included in your policy.
Updated September 2022 | To be reviewed September 2025
- Cancer Research UK. How cancer might affect your travel | Cancer information | Cancer Research UK [Internet]. [cited 2022 Feb 22]. Available from: https://www.cancerresearchuk.org/about-cancer/coping/practically/travelling-with-cancer/how-cancer-might-affect-your-travel
- Controlled drugs: personal licences [Internet]. GOV.UK. [cited 2022 Mar 25]. Available from: https://www.gov.uk/guidance/controlled-drugs-personal-licences
- Cosset J-M, Dauer L. Prostate Cancer Brachytherapy: Radiation Protection Issues. In: Kovács G, Hoskin P, editors. Interstitial Prostate Brachytherapy: LDR-PDR-HDR [Internet]. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013 [cited 2022 Feb 23]. p. 239–53. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-36499-0_20
- Eichinger S. Cancer associated thrombosis: risk factors and outcomes. Thrombosis Research. 2016 Apr 1;140:S12–7.
- GOV.UK. Apply for a UK Global Health Insurance Card (GHIC) [Internet]. GOV.UK. [cited 2022 Feb 23]. Available from: https://www.gov.uk/global-health-insurance-card
- GOV.UK. Hand luggage restrictions at UK airports [Internet]. GOV.UK. [cited 2022 Feb 8]. Available from: https://www.gov.uk/hand-luggage-restrictions/essential-medicines-and-medical-equipment
- GOV.UK. Healthcare for UK nationals visiting the EU [Internet]. GOV.UK. [cited 2022 Feb 22]. Available from: https://www.gov.uk/guidance/uk-residents-visiting-the-eueea-and-switzerland-healthcare
- GOV.UK. Immunisation against infectious disease [Internet]. GOV.UK. [cited 2022 Feb 23]. Available from: https://www.gov.uk/government/collections/immunisation-against-infectious-disease-the-green-book
- Hochberg NS, Barnett ED, Chen LH, Wilson ME, Iyer H, MacLeod WB, et al. International Travel by Persons With Medical Comorbidities: Understanding Risks and Providing Advice. Mayo Clinic Proceedings. 2013 Nov 1;88(11):1231–40.
- Hospital for Tropical Diseases. The HTD - Travel Clinic [Internet]. [cited 2022 Feb 7]. Available from: http://www.thehtd.org/travelclinic.aspx
- Klil-Drori AJ, Yin H, Tagalakis V, Aprikian A, Azoulay L. Androgen Deprivation Therapy for Prostate Cancer and the Risk of Venous Thromboembolism. European Urology. 2016 Jul;70(1):56–61.
- Macmillan Cancer Support. Travel and cancer - insurance, vaccinations, flying [Internet]. [cited 2022 Feb 22]. Available from: https://www.macmillan.org.uk/cancer-information-and-support/impacts-of-cancer/travel
- Medical conditions and pregnancy | Special Assistance | British Airways [Internet]. [cited 2018 Aug 22]. Available from: https://www.britishairways.com/en-gb/information/travel-assistance/medical-conditions-and-pregnancy
- National Institute for Health and Care Excellence. Sunlight exposure: risks and benefits. NICE Guideline 34 [Internet]. 2016 [cited 2018 Jun 5]. Available from: https://www.nice.org.uk/guidance/ng34/chapter/1-Recommendations#atrisk-groups
- NHS Inform. Cancer and travel [Internet]. [cited 2022 Feb 7]. Available from: https://www.nhsinform.scot/illnesses-and-conditions/cancer/practical-issues/travel
- NHS.UK. Applying for healthcare cover abroad (GHIC and EHIC) [Internet]. nhs.uk. 2021 [cited 2022 Feb 10]. Available from: https://www.nhs.uk/using-the-nhs/healthcare-abroad/apply-for-a-free-uk-global-health-insurance-card-ghic/
- NHS.UK. Can I take my medicine abroad? [Internet]. nhs.uk. 2018 [cited 2022 Feb 8]. Available from: https://www.nhs.uk/common-health-questions/medicines/can-i-take-my-medicine-abroad/
- Ryanair. The Carriage of Medical Equipment [Internet]. Ryanair Help Centre. [cited 2022 Feb 22]. Available from: https://help.ryanair.com/hc/en-gb/articles/360017683077-The-Carriage-of-Medical-Equipment
- Team HTH. Food and Water Precautions - Fit for Travel [Internet]. [cited 2022 Feb 23]. Available from: https://www.fitfortravel.nhs.uk/advice/general-travel-health-advice/food-and-water-precautions
- Tikkinen KAO, Craigie S, Agarwal A, Violette PD, Novara G, Cartwright R, et al. Procedure-specific Risks of Thrombosis and Bleeding in Urological Cancer Surgery: Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. European Urology. 2018 Feb;73(2):242–51.
- Simon Bott, Consultant Urologist, Frimley Health NHS Foundation Trust
- Declan Cahill, Consultant Urologist, Royal Marsden Hospital
- Richard Gledhill, Prostate Cancer Nurse Specialist, Queen Elizabeth Hospital
- Our Specialist Nurses
- Our volunteers.