Ullrich PM, Carson MR, Lutgendorf SK, Williams RD. Cancer Fear and Mood Disturbance After Radical Prostatectomy: Consequences of Biochemical Evidence of Recurrence. J Urol. 2003 Apr;169(4):1449–52.
Punnen S, Cooperberg MR, D’Amico AV, Karakiewicz PI, Moul JW, Scher HI, et al. Management of Biochemical Recurrence After Primary Treatment of Prostate Cancer: A Systematic Review of the Literature. Eur Urol. 2013 Dec;64(6):905–15.
National Institute for Health and Care Excellence. Prostate Cancer: diagnosis and treatment. Full guideline 175. 2014.
Mendenhall WM, Henderson RH, Hoppe BS, Nichols RC, Mendenhall NP. Salvage of Locally Recurrent Prostate Cancer After Definitive Radiotherapy: Am J Clin Oncol. 2014 Aug;37(4):411–6.
National Institute for Clinical Excellence. High-intensity focused ultrasound for prostate cancer. Interventional procedure guidance 118. 2005.
National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence. Cryotherapy for recurrent prostate cancer. Interventional procedure guidance 119. 2005.
Rosoff JS, Savage SJ, Prasad SM. Salvage radical prostatectomy as management of locally recurrent prostate cancer: outcomes and complications. World J Urol. 2013 Dec;31(6):1347–52.
Mottet N, Bellmunt J, Briers E, Van den Bergh RCN, Bolla M, Van Casteren NJ, et al. Guidelines on prostate cancer. European Association of Urology; 2015.
Kimura M, Mouraviev V, Tsivian M, Mayes JM, Satoh T, Polascik TJ. Current salvage methods for recurrent prostate cancer after failure of primary radiotherapy. BJU Int. 2010 Jan;105(2):191–201.
Pfister D, Bolla M, Briganti A, Carroll P, Cozzarini C, Joniau S, et al. Early Salvage Radiotherapy Following Radical Prostatectomy. Eur Urol. 2014 Jun;65(6):1034–43.
Autran-Gomez AM, Scarpa RM, Chin J. High-Intensity Focused Ultrasound and Cryotherapy as Salvage Treatment in Local Radio-Recurrent Prostate Cancer. Urol Int. 2012;89(4):373–9.
Gomez-Veiga F, Mariño A, Alvarez L, Rodriguez I, Fernandez C, Pertega S, et al. Brachytherapy for the treatment of recurrent prostate cancer after radiotherapy or radical prostatectomy. BJU Int. 2012;109(s1):17–21.
Chade DC, Eastham J, Graefen M, Hu JC, Karnes RJ, Klotz L, et al. Cancer Control and Functional Outcomes of Salvage Radical Prostatectomy for Radiation-recurrent Prostate Cancer: A Systematic Review of the Literature. Eur Urol. 2012 May;61(5):961–71.
Lawrentschuk N, Finelli A, Van der Kwast TH, Ryan P, Bolton DM, Fleshner NE, et al. Salvage Radical Prostatectomy Following Primary High Intensity Focused Ultrasound for Treatment of Prostate Cancer. J Urol. 2011 Mar;185(3):862–8.
Ahmed HU, Ishaq A, Zacharakis E, Shaw G, Illing R, Allen C, et al. Rectal fistulae after salvage high-intensity focused ultrasound for recurrent prostate cancer after combined brachytherapy and external beam radiotherapy. BJU Int. 2009 Feb;103(3):321–3.
Parekh A, Graham PL, Nguyen PL. Cancer Control and Complications of Salvage Local Therapy After Failure of Radiotherapy for Prostate Cancer: A Systematic Review. Semin Radiat Oncol. 2013 Jul;23(3):222–34.
Gruca D, Bacher P, Tunn U. Safety and tolerability of intermittent androgen deprivation therapy: A literature review: IAD therapy in prostate cancer. Int J Urol. 2012 Jul;19(7):614–25.
Silva FC da, Silva FMC da, Gonçalves F, Santos A, Kliment J, Whelan P, et al. Locally Advanced and Metastatic Prostate Cancer Treated with Intermittent Androgen Monotherapy or Maximal Androgen Blockade: Results from a Randomised Phase 3 Study by the South European Uroncological Group. Eur Urol. 2014 Aug;66(2):232–9.
Botrel TEA, Clark O, dos Reis RB, Pompeo ACL, Ferreira U, Sadi MV, et al. Intermittent versus continuous androgen deprivation for locally advanced, recurrent or metastatic prostate cancer: a systematic review and meta-analysis. BMC Urol. 2014;14:9.
Magnan S, Zarychanski R, Pilote L, Bernier L, Shemilt M, Vigneault E, et al. Intermittent vs Continuous Androgen Deprivation Therapy for Prostate Cancer: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. JAMA Oncol. 2015 Sep 17;1–10.
Hackett G, Kell P, Ralph D, Dean J, Price D, Speakman M, et al. British Society for Sexual Medicine guidelines on the management of erectile dysfunction. J Sex Med. 2008;5(8):1841–65.
Discacciati A, Orsini N, Wolk A. Body mass index and incidence of localized and advanced prostate cancer--a dose-response meta-analysis of prospective studies. Ann Oncol. 2012 Jan 6;23(7):1665–71.
Campeggi A, Xylinas E, Ploussard G, Ouzaid I, Fabre A, Allory Y, et al. Impact of Body Mass Index on Perioperative Morbidity, Oncological, and Functional Outcomes After Extraperitoneal Laparoscopic Radical Prostatectomy. Urology. 2012 Sep;80(3):576–84.
Wolin KY, Luly J, Sutcliffe S, Andriole GL, Kibel AS. Risk of Urinary Incontinence Following Prostatectomy: The Role of Physical Activity and Obesity. J Urol. 2010 Feb;183(2):629–33.
Davies NJ, Batehup L, Thomas R. The role of diet and physical activity in breast, colorectal, and prostate cancer survivorship: a review of the literature. Br J Cancer. 2011 Nov 8;105:S52–73.
Thorsen L, Courneya KS, Stevinson C, Fosså SD. A systematic review of physical activity in prostate cancer survivors: outcomes, prevalence, and determinants. Support Care Cancer. 2008 Feb 15;16(9):987–97.
Richman EL, Kenfield SA, Stampfer MJ, Paciorek A, Carroll PR, Chan JM. Physical Activity after Diagnosis and Risk of Prostate Cancer Progression: Data from the Cancer of the Prostate Strategic Urologic Research Endeavor. Cancer Res. 2011 May 24;71(11):3889–95.
Mydin AR, Dunne MT, Finn MA, Armstrong JG. Early Salvage Hormonal Therapy for Biochemical Failure Improved Survival in Prostate Cancer Patients After Neoadjuvant Hormonal Therapy Plus Radiation Therapy—A Secondary Analysis of Irish Clinical Oncology Research Group 97-01. Int J Radiat Oncol. 2013 Jan;85(1):101–8.
World Cancer Research Fund, American Institute for Cancer Research. Food, nutrition, physical activity, and the prevention of cancer: a global perspective. Washington, DC: WCRF/AICR; 2007.
Gardner JR, Livingston PM, Fraser SF. Effects of Exercise on Treatment-Related Adverse Effects for Patients With Prostate Cancer Receiving Androgen-Deprivation Therapy: A Systematic Review. J Clin Oncol. 2014 Feb 1;32(4):335–46.
Keogh JWL, MacLeod RD. Body Composition, Physical Fitness, Functional Performance, Quality of Life, and Fatigue Benefits of Exercise for Prostate Cancer Patients: A Systematic Review. J Pain Symptom Manage. 2012 Jan;43(1):96–110.
Secretan B, Straif K, Baan R, Grosse Y, El Ghissassi F, Bouvard V, et al. A review of human carcinogens—Part E: tobacco, areca nut, alcohol, coal smoke, and salted fish. Lancet Oncol. 2009 Nov;10(11):1033–4.
Zu K, Giovannucci E. Smoking and aggressive prostate cancer: a review of the epidemiologic evidence. Cancer Causes Control. 2009 Jun 27;20(10):1799–810.
Kenfield SA, Stampfer MJ, Chan JM, Giovannucci E. Smoking and prostate cancer survival and recurrence. JAMA J Am Med Assoc. 2011;305(24):2548.
Huncharek M, Haddock KS, Reid R, Kupelnick B. Smoking as a risk factor for prostate cancer: a meta-analysis of 24 prospective cohort studies. J Inf. 2010;100(4).
Moreira DM, Aronson WJ, Terris MK, Kane CJ, Amling CL, Cooperberg MR, et al. Cigarette smoking is associated with an increased risk of biochemical disease recurrence, metastasis, castration-resistant prostate cancer, and mortality after radical prostatectomy: Results from the SEARCH database. Cancer. 2014 Jan 15;120(2):197–204.
Rohrmann S, Linseisen J, Allen N, Bueno-de-Mesquita HB, Johnsen NF, Tjønneland A, et al. Smoking and the risk of prostate cancer in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition. Br J Cancer. 2013;108(3):708–14.
Islami F, Moreira DM, Boffetta P, Freedland SJ. A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of Tobacco Use and Prostate Cancer Mortality and Incidence in Prospective Cohort Studies. Eur Urol. 2014 Dec;66(6):1054–64.
Solanki AA, Liauw SL. Tobacco use and external beam radiation therapy for prostate cancer: Influence on biochemical control and late toxicity. Cancer. 2013;n/a – n/a.
Grossmann M, Hamilton EJ, Gilfillan C, Bolton D, Joon DL, Zajac JD. Bone and metabolic health in patients with non-metastatic prostate cancer who are receiving androgen deprivation therapy. Med J Aust. 2011;194(6):301–6.