This fact sheet is for men who are thinking about having surgery to treat their prostate cancer.

Last updated: August 2017
To be reviewed: August 2019


  • Abdollah F, Sun M, Suardi N, et al. Prediction of functional outcomes after nerve-sparing radical prostatectomy: Results of conditional survival analyses. Eur Urol 2012
  • Berookhim BM, Nelson CJ, Kunzel B, et al.Prospective analysis of penile length changes after radical prostatectomy. BJU Int 2014;113(5b):E131-6.
  • Boorjian SA, Eastham JA, Graefen M, et al. A critical analysis of the long-term impact of radical prostatectomy on cancer control and function outcomes. Eur Urol 2012;61(4):664-75.
  • Boorjian SA, Karnes RJ, Crispen PL, et al. The impact of positive surgical margins on mortality following radical prostatectomy during the prostate specific antigen era.J Urol 2010;183(3):1003-9.
  • Breyer BN, Davis CB, Cowan JE, Kane CJ, Carroll PR. Incidence of bladder neck contracture after robot-assisted laparoscopic and open radical prostatectomy. BJU Int 2010;106(11):1734–8.
  • Campbell SE, Glazener CMA, Hunter KF, et al. Conservative management for postprostatectomy urinary incontinence. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews2012, Issue 1.
  • Coelho RF, Rocco B, Patel MB, et al. Retropubic, laparoscopic, and robot-assisted radical prostatectomy: A critical review of outcomes reported by high-volume centers. J Endourol 2010;24(12):2003–15.
  • Cooper A. Robotic assisted radical prostatectomy – Evidence Summary. Prostate Cancer UK. January 2014.
  • Cornell D. A gay urologist’s changing views of prostate cancer. In: Perlman G, Drescher J.(editors). A gay man’s guide to prostate cancer. The Haworth Medical Press; Binghamton, NY 2005;29-41.
  • Dalkin BL, Christopher BA. Preservation of penile length after radical prostatectomy: early intervention with a vacuum erection device. Int J Impot Res 2007;19(5):501-4.
  • Garcia FJ, Brock G. Current state of penile rehabilitation after radical prostatectomy. Curr Opin Urol 2010;20:234-40.
  • Goldstone SE. The ups and downs of gay sex after prostate cancer treatment. In: Perlman G, Drescher J. (editors). A gay man’s guide to prostate cancer. The Haworth Medical Press; Binghamton, NY 2005;43-55.
  • Guttilla A, Bortolus R, Giannarini G, et al. Multimodal treatment for high-risk prostate cancer with high-dose intensity-modulated radiation therapy preceded or not by radical prostatectomy, concurrent intensified-dose docetaxel and long-term androgen deprivation therapy: results of a prospective phase II trial. Radiat Oncol 2014;9:24.
  • Husson O, Mols F, van de Poll-Franse LV. The relation between information provision and health-related quality of life, anxiety and depression among cancer survivors: a systematic review. AnnOncol 2011;22(4):761-72.
  • Anderson JB, Clarke NC, Gillatt D, et al. Advice on the development of robotic assisted radical prostatectomy in England. Prostate Cancer Advisory Group. 2012.
  • Kilminster S, MüllerS, MenonM, et al. Predicting erectile function outcome in men after radical prostatectomy for prostate cancer. BJU Int 2012;110:422–26.
  • Levinson AW, LaveryHJ, Ward NT, et al. Is a return to baseline sexual function possible? An analysis of sexual function outcomes following laparoscopic radical prostatectomy. World J Urol 2011;29:29–34.
  • Lim SK. Current status of robot-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy: how does it compare with other surgical approaches? Int J Urol 2013;20(3):271-84.
  • Moran PS, O’Neill M, Teljeur C, et al. Robot-assisted radical prostatectomy compared with open and laparoscopic approaches: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Int J Urol 2013;20(3):312–21.
  • Mottet N, Bastian PJ, Bellmunt J, et al. Guidelines on prostate cancer. European Association of Urology. 2014.
  • Multi-disciplinary team (MDT) guidance for managing prostate cancer. British Uro-oncology Group, British Association of Urological Surgeons: Section of Oncology. September 2013.
  • Nicolle LE. Catheter associated urinary tract infections. Antimicrob Resist Infect Control 2014;3(23).
  • Parsons BA, Evans S, Wright MP. Prostate cancer and urinary incontinence. Maturitas 2009;63:323-28.
  • Perio-operative management of the morbidly obese patient. The Association of Anaesthetists of Great Britain and Ireland. June 2007.
  • Prostate cancer: diagnosis and treatment. National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE). Clinical guideline 175. January 2014.
  • Robotic Assisted (Da Vinci) Radical Prostatectomy. The Royal Marsden NHS Foundation Trust. April 2013.
  • Robotic radical prostate removal for cancer – information for patients. The British Association of Urological Surgeons. March 2014.
  • Thomas C, Wotten A, Robinson P. The experiences of gay and bisexual men diagnosed with prostate cancer: results from an online focus group. Eur JCancer Care 2013;22:522-29.
  • Venous thromboembolism: reducing the risk. National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE). Clinical guideline 92. January 2010.
  • Vesey SG, McCabe JE, Hounsome L, Fowler S. UK radical prostatectomy outcomes and surgeon case volume: based on an analysis of the British Association of Urological Surgeons Complex Operations Database. BJU Int 2012;109(3):346-54.
  • Warfarin Therapy - Management During Invasive Procedures and Surgery. BC Guidelines. 2010.
  • Zippe CD, Pahlajani G. Vacuum erection devices to treat erectile dysfunction and early penile rehabilitation following radical prostatectomy. Current Urol Reports 2008;9(6):506-13.

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