This fact sheet is for men who want to know more about pelvic floor muscle exercises. These can help with some urinary problems – for example, if you leak urine after having treatment for prostate cancer or an enlarged prostate.

This fact sheet is included with the urinary problems after prostate cancer treatment fact sheet, so you do not need to order both.

Last updated: December 2016
To be reviewed: December 2018

References  

  • Anderson CA, Omar MI, Campbell SE, Hunter KF, Cody JD, Glazener CMA. Conservative management for postprostatectomy urinary incontinence. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2015;1:CD001843.
  • Arroyo Fernández R, García-Hermoso A, Solera-Martínez M, Martín Correa MT, Ferri Morales A, Martínez-Vizcaíno V. Improvement of Continence Rate with Pelvic Floor Muscle Training Post-Prostatectomy: A Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials. Urol Int. 2014 Nov 22;94(2):125–32.
  • Bauer RM, Gozzi C, Hübner W, Nitti VW, Novara G, Peterson A, et al. Contemporary Management of Postprostatectomy Incontinence. Eur Urol. 2011 Jun;59(6):985–96.
  • Burkhard FC, Lucas MG, Berghmans LC, Bosch JLHR, Cruz F, Lemack GE, et al. EAU guidelines on urinary incontinence in adults [Internet]. European Association of Urology; 2016 [cited 2016 Jul 12]. Available from: http://www.academia.edu/download/33540169/20_Urinary_Incontinence_LR.pdf
  • Chang JI, Lam V, Patel MI. Preoperative Pelvic Floor Muscle Exercise and Postprostatectomy Incontinence: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. Eur Urol. 2016 Mar;69(3):460–7.
  • Chughtai B, Lee R, Sandhu J, Te A, Kaplan S. Conservative Treatment for Postprostatectomy Incontinence. Rev Urol. 2013;15(2):61.
  • Dorey G. Pelvic floor exercises after radical prostatectomy. Br J Nurs Mark Allen Publ. 2013;22(9):S4–S9.
  • Geraerts I, Van Poppel H, Devoogdt N, De Groef A, Fieuws S, Van Kampen M. Pelvic floor muscle training for erectile dysfunction and climacturia 1 year after nerve sparing radical prostatectomy: a randomized controlled trial. Int J Impot Res. 2015;28:9–13.
  • Goode PS, Burgio KL, Johnson TM 2nd, Clay OJ, Roth DL, Markland AD, et al. Behavioral therapy with or without biofeedback and pelvic floor electrical stimulation for persistent postprostatectomy incontinence: a randomized controlled trial. JAMA. 2011;305(2):151–9.
  • Hsu L-F, Liao Y-M, Lai F-C, Tsai P-S. Beneficial effects of biofeedback-assisted pelvic floor muscle training in patients with urinary incontinence after radical prostatectomy: A systematic review and metaanalysis. Int J Nurs Stud. 2016 Aug;60:99–111.
  • National Institute for Health and Care Excellence. Lower urinary tract symptoms in men: assessment and management. NICE Clinical Guideline 97. (modified June 2015); 2010.
  • National Institute for Health and Care Excellence. Prostate Cancer: diagnosis and treatment. Full guideline 175. 2014.
  • Newman DK, Guzzo T, Lee D, Jayadevappa R. An evidence-based strategy for the conservative management of the male patient with incontinence: Curr Opin Urol. 2014 Nov;24(6):553–9.
  • Norton C, Cody J. Biofeedback and/or sphincter exercises for the treatment of faecal incontinence in adults (Review). Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2012;(7).
  • Rao SS. Current and emerging treatment options for fecal incontinence. J Clin Gastroenterol. 2014;48(9):752.
  • Siegel AL. Pelvic floor muscle training in males: practical applications. Urology. 2014 Jul;84(1):1–7.
  • Spratt DE, Pei X, Yamada J, Kollmeier MA, Cox B, Zelefsky MJ. Long-term Survival and Toxicity in Patients Treated With High-Dose Intensity Modulated Radiation Therapy for Localized Prostate Cancer. Int J Radiat Oncol. 2013 Mar;85(3):686–92.
  • Wilt TJ, MacDonald R, Rutks I, Shamliyan TA, Taylor BC, Kane RL. Systematic review: comparative effectiveness and harms of treatments for clinically localized prostate cancer. Ann Intern Med. 2008;148(6):435–448.

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This fact sheet is for men who want to know more about pelvic floor muscle exercises. These can help with some urinary problems – for example, if you leak urine after having treatment for prostate cancer or an enlarged prostate.

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