Chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CPPS)
Chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CPPS) is the most common type of prostatitis. It can go on for a long time - chronic means long-lasting. The symptoms vary but it usually causes pain in the pelvic area (the area below your stomach).
Nobody knows for certain what causes CPPS - unlike the other types of prostatitis, it’s not caused by a bacterial infection. There could be a number of causes, which makes it difficult to diagnose and treat. Possible causes include urine getting into the prostate gland, an infection which doesn’t show up in tests, and problems with the nerves around the prostate.
Some research shows a connection between high levels of stress and anxiety and CPPS. Feeling stressed or depressed may cause physical symptoms that trigger CPPS or make it worse.
There is no single test to diagnose CPPS. Your doctor will need to rule out other possible causes of your symptoms to make a diagnosis. You will be asked to give some samples and you may need some tests.
Treatment varies from man to man – just like CPPS does. The treatments won’t get rid of CPPS, it’s about finding what works best to control your symptoms. You’ll probably have a number of different treatments, and there are things you can do to help yourself.