If lifestyle changes are not enough to improve your quality of life, medicines may help control your symptoms. The main types of medicine are alpha-blockers and 5-alpha-reductase inhibitors. You may have both medicines together.
Alpha-blockers relax the muscles in the prostate and around the neck of the bladder, making it easier to pass urine. They do not cure an enlarged prostate but they can help to relieve symptoms.
5-alpha-reductase inhibitors reduce the size of the prostate gland, taking pressure of the urethra and making it easier to pass urine.
Like any medicines, alpha-blockers and 5-alpha-reductase inhibitors can cause side effects. These affect each man differently, and you may not get all of the side effects. Read the information leaflet that comes with your medicine for more information, or speak to your doctor, specialist nurse or pharmacist.
Some men find that herbal remedies help to control their symptoms. However, we don't know whether herbal remedies affect other medicines you may be taking. We need more research before herbal remedies can be recommended as a treatment for an enlarged prostate. Always tell your doctor or nurse if you are taking any kind of any kind of herbal or complementary therapy.