Watchful waiting is a way of monitoring prostate cancer that isn't causing any symptoms or problems. The aim is to keep an eye on the cancer over the long term, and avoid treatment unless you get symptoms.Find out more about Watchful waiting
Hormone therapy helps control prostate cancer by stopping the hormone testosterone from reaching the prostate cancer cells. It does not cure cancer but can keep it under control, sometimes for several years. It can also help to manage symptoms. You might have hormone therapy on its own, or with other treatments such as radiotherapy or brachytherapy.
Find out more about Hormone therapy
Hormone therapy can keep prostate cancer under control for months or years. But over time, cancer may start to grow again. If this happens, there are further treatments available. This may include other types of hormone therapy, chemotherapy or a new treatment as part of a clinical trial.
Find out more about Second line hormone therapy and further treatment options
Chemotherapy uses anti-cancer drugs to kill the cancer cells. It won’t get rid of your prostate cancer, but can help to control or delay symptoms, and helps some men to live longer. You may have chemotherapy alongside other treatments such as hormone therapy, steroids, radiotherapy for advanced cancer and bisphosphonates.
Find out more about Chemotherapy
Abiraterone (Zytiga®) is a new type of hormone therapy for men whose prostate cancer has spread to other parts of the body (advanced prostate cancer) and has stopped responding to other hormone therapy treatments. It is used to help control symptoms and not to cure prostate cancer.Find out more about Abiraterone
You may hear stories in the news about new treatments for prostate cancer. New treatments you may have heard about include cabazitaxel, enzalutamide, radium-233 and abiraterone.Find out more about New treatments
If you have prostate cancer, you might have the chance to take part in a clinical trial. A clinical trial is a type of medical research. It aims to find new and improved ways of preventing, diagnosing, treating and controlling illnesses. Clinical trials test medicines, medical procedures or medical equipment. People are involved in a controlled and carefully planned way. This is the best way of finding out whether a new treatment is better than the current standard treatment.Find out more about Clinical trials
Men with advanced prostate cancer may have radiotherapy to help relieve pain and other symptoms. You may hear this called palliative radiotherapy. Radiotherapy for advanced prostate cancer does not aim to get rid of your cancer but it can help to slow down its growth. You might have external beam radiotherapy (EBRT) or a type of internal radiotherapy called radioisotope treatment.Find out more about Radiotherapy for advanced prostate cancer
Bisphosphonates are drugs that can be used to treat men whose prostate cancer has spread to the bones and is no longer responding to hormone therapy. They do not treat the cancer itself but they can help to relieve bone pain. Bisphosphonates may also help to prevent and slow down the breakdown of bone.
Find out more about Bisphosphonates